As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. A sober person is not bewildered by such a change.
~ Bhagavad-Gita 2.13
Illumination from The Red Book (Liber Novus), 1913-1930
“Everything else is to be derived from this… My entire life consisted in elaborating what had burst forth from the unconscious and flooded me like an enigmatic stream and threatened to break me. That was the stuff and material for more than only one life. Everything later was merely the outer classification, scientific elaboration, and the integration into life. But the numinous beginning, which contained everything, was then.” – C. G. Jung, 1957
For 50 years after Jung’s death, this artwork was locked in a secret vault. It was shown for the first time in 2009.
When I was little, I can vividly remember my Aunt Eva reading tea leaves, all the women used to gather around and listen to what she had to say.
I cannot remember whether to cup and saucer she used was a special one, one that was manufactured by the potteries for this type of divination or it was one of her simple porcelain china cup and saucer. Aunty would always have a doily present, to mop up any spills from the tea cup. Now these sacred geometric patterns are classed as ‘Shabby Chic’, but the importance of these and the tea cup are deep rooted, as a good friend Paul and mentor has said, “a wiccan doily, being representative of a neural geomantra, or the psycho schematic, that is given by the witch,through the written grimoire,verbal geomantra,or ritual in performance”. (Paul Welsh, June 2016)
Having had a little natter Hubby, about this, he told me his nan too, used to read tea leaves. We now live in an era where we hunt and capture (pocket) monsters using our mobile phones, practicing fortune telling using tea leaves at the bottom of the cup seems a bit absurd!
Trying to divine what the future holds is an ancient human preoccupation. And for centuries, soothsayers have sought answers in the bottom of a teacup. The art of reading tea leaves is referred to as Tasseography (or Tasseomancy) and is a divination or fortune-telling method that in western tradition interprets patterns in tea leaves. The beverage, Tea, is linked with herbology part of alternative healing and tea reading began to make its mark in popularity during the 17th century when tea was introduced into Europe from China. When tea first made its way into Britain from China in the mid-17th century, it was an aristocratic beverage, but as trade fueled falling prices, the general population began drinking it. Already culturally superstitious, lower classes were quick to use tea leaves instead of some of their cumbersome and often dangerous methods of divination, such as the use of molten metal (molybdomancy), hot wax (carromancy) or the entrails of animals (haruspicy). Tea leaf reading is still today classed as an art of the Romany /Gypsy, no doubt it is an ancient practice interpreting patterns made by tea leaves in the cup.
Reading Tea Leaves, by a “Highland Seer,” is the oldest book on the subject in English. Written in the 18th century, it offered sets of symbols to interpret tea-leaf patterns. The book talks about generations of Scottish “spae wives” (from the Norse spa, meaning “prophecy”) peering into their tea cups to tell of things to come. According to a wikipedia entry on this subject Scotland, Ireland, Wales and England have produced a number of practitioners and authors on the subject, and English potteries have crafted many elaborate tea cup sets specially designed and decorated to aid in fortune-telling. (Wiki, 2016).
So, I thought I would try and locate some of these cups which were manufactured via the Potteries. This fabulous website The Mystic Tea Room has a wealth of information on these beautiful divinity cups and is well worth a visit. http://www.mystictearoom.com/wiki/Main_Page
Aynsley is a reputable English manufacturer of quality bone china, the company was founded by John Aynsley in Staffordshire, 1775. This is an outstanding piece named the “Nelros Cup of Fortune.” This teacup is said to be from 1904. Like most fortune telling teacups this one comes with a fancy little instruction booklet titled “Would’st learn thy future with thy tea?… This magic cup will show it thee.” this also appears on the outside of the teacup.
Paragon is another recognisable English producer of quality china, it was founded by Herbert Aynsley (the great grandson of John Aynsley) and Hugh Irving in 1897. This teacup dates from the 1930s and usually is seen in either blue or pink. Along the rim of the interior it reads “Many curious things I see when telling fortunes in your tea.” I’m sure there must be a book to accompany this teacup. A variety of symbols are scattered about the inside of the cup, these are usually coloured fuchsia but the one pictured appears to be a reddish-brown colour.
Alfred Meakin Ltd began producing china in 1875. This Cup of Knowledge dates back to 1924 and has a distinct look that separates it from the aforementioned fortune teacups, it depicts playing cards instead of symbols. Here Cartomancy has joined forces with Tasseography to provide the reader with an enlightening divinatory experience. In this instance you would use the location of the tea leaves in relation to the cards to determine what the future could hold.
Royal Doulton’s popularity, is particularly know from their whimsical china figurines, but this is a rare find. Fancy see a teacup with a swastika at the bottom of it. This was before Hitler turned the symbol into a pile of ungodly puke, it was recognised as a symbol of good fortune, which gives u a decent indication of just how old this cup is.
1950’s typical stereotyping tea cup and saucer
Tea leaf reading is a fun, healthful and creative way to listen to yourself and open your psychic abilities.
The term also refers to the reading of coffee grounds, especially in the Middle Eastern tradition, by using the left-over coffee grounds from Turkish coffee turned over onto a plate.
The term has also been applied to the reading of wine sediments. The term derives from the French word tasse (cup), which in turn derives from the Arabic tassa (cup).
Tasseography, otherwise known as tasseomancy or tassology, is the art of tea leaf reading. “Tasse” or “tass” is an Arab root, meaning small cup or goblet.
You need to find a cup with a wide brim that’s light in colour, find a wide saucer. Pour in lose tea leaves/coffee (you can buy loose tea leaves or rip open a tea bag) into you cup and add boiling water (Do Not add milk) Drink your tea/coffee while thinking about your question, if you dont like tea/coffee take a few sips. When you are finished drinking take the cup in your dominant hand and place your non-dominant handover the top of your cup. Turn the cup tree times in a clockwise direction. Pour any remaining water down the sink. Place the cup upside down on the saucer or a napkin and turn it clockwise three times, turn the cup over look for the leaves that have taken shapes. When you have finished your reading it is customary to turn your cup over, place your index finger on the base of your cup and make a wish.
Ronald Weasley: “Right. What can you see in mine?
“Harry Potter: “A load of soggy brown stuff.“— Harry Potter’s first attempt at tessomancy
Begin reading at the handle (or at 12 o’clock if there is no handle) and progress clockwise.
You can twist and turn the cup for new angles to find symbols in your cup, the closer the symbol is to the rim of the cup the sooner it will happen. the further down the longer it will take, tea reading can only predict up to a year. symbols at the bottom of your cup will take almost a whole year to take effect.
Abbey Freedom from worry
Ace of Clubs A letter
Ace of Diamonds A present
Ace of Hearts Happiness
Ace of Spades A large Building
Acorn Financial Success
Aircraft Sudden Journey
Alligator An accident
Anchor Success in business and romance
Angel Good news
Ant success through perseverance
Anvil conscientious effort
Apple Business achievement
Arc Ill health, accidents
Arrow Bad News
Axe Difficulties and troubles that will be overcome
Bat False Friends
Bayonet A minor accident
Bear A Journey
Bee Good news
Bell Unexpected news
Bellows Setbacks Bird Good news
Birds Ascension, good news
Birdcage Obstacles, quarrels
Bird’s Nest Domestic harmony
Bishop Good luck coming
Boat Visit from a friend
Book Open Expect legal actions, future success
Bouquet Love and happiness
Bow Scandal, gossip
Box Romantic troubles solved
Branch With Leaves A birth
Bread Avoid waste
Broom Small worries disappear
Buckle Disappointments ahead
Building A move
Bush New Friends
Baby Pregnancy, something new
Cage A Proposal
Camel Useful news
Candle Help from others
Cannon news from a solider
Cap Trouble ahead- be Careful
Car Good fortune
Cart Success in business
Castle Financial gain through marriage
Cat A quarrel
Chain An engagement or wedding
Chair An unexpected guest
Cherries A happy love affair
Chessmen Difficulties ahead
Chimney Hidden risks
Church Ceremony Unexpected money
Cigar New friends
Circle Success, a wedding
Circles great success
Claw A hidden enemy
Clock Avoid delay, think of the future
Clouds Trouble ahead
Coat A parting, an end of a friendship
Coffin Bad news Coin Repayment of debts
Collar Dependence on others for success and happiness
Comet An unexpected visitor
Compass Travel, a change of job
Corkscrew Curiosity causing trouble
Crab An enemy
Crescent A journey
Cross Trouble, ill health
Crown Honour, success
Cup Reward for effort
Curtain A secret
Cymbal Insincere love
Chair A guest
Clock Better Health
Daffodil Great Happiness
Dagger Danger ahead, enemies
Daisy Happiness in love
Deer A dispute or quarrel
Desk Letter containing good news
Devil Evil influences
Dish Quarrel at home
Dog good friends
Donkey be patient
Door Strange occurrence
Dove Good fortune
Dragon Unforeseen changes, trouble
Drum Scandal, gossip, a new job, argument
Duck money coming in
Dustpan Strange news about a friend
Eagle a change for the better
Ear unexpected news
Easel artistic success
Eggcup Danger is passing
Elephant Wisdom, strength
Engine news is on its way fast
Envelope good news
Eye overcoming difficulties, take care
Fairy joy and enchantment
Feet An important decision
Fir Artistic success
Fireplace Matters related to your home
Fish Good fortune in all things, health, wealth and happiness
Fist An argument
Flag Danger ahead
Flower Wish coming true
Fly Domestic irritations
Font A birth
Fork A false friend, flattery
Forked line Decision to be made
Fountain Future success and happiness
Fox A deceitful friend
Frog Success through a change of home or job
Gallows Social Failure
Garden roller Difficulties ahead
Garland Success, great honour
Gate Opportunity, future happiness
Geese invitations, unexpected visitors
Giraffe Think before you speak
Glove A challenge
Gondola Romance, travel
Grasshopper News from a friend
Greyhound Good fortune
Guitar Happiness in love
Gun Trouble, quarrels
Hammer Overcoming obstacles
Handcuffs Trouble ahead
Hare News of a friend
Harp Harmony in love
Hat A new occupation
Hawk Sudden Danger, jealousy
Head New opportunities
Heart Love and marriage, a trustworthy friend
Heather Good fortune
Hen Domestic Bliss
Hill Obstacles, setback
Hoe Hard work leading to success
Holly An important occurrence in the winter
Horse Galloping Good news from a lover
Horseshoe Good Luck
Hourglass A decision that must be made
Initials Usually those of people you known to you
ink pot A letter
insect Minor problems soon overcome
Ivy leaf Reliable friend
Jester Party or social Gathering
Jewelry A present
Jug Gaining in importance, good health
Kangaroo Domestic Harmony
Kettle Minor Illness
Key New opportunities
Keyhole Beware of idle curiosity
King A powerful ally
Kite Wishes coming true
Knife Broken relationship
Leaf Prosperity, good fortune
Leopard News of a journey
Letters Usually refer to friends, family, and people you know
Lighthouse Trouble threatening
Lines straight and clear Progress, journey
Lines wavy Uncertainty, disappointment
Line slanting Business failure
Lion Influential friends
Lock Obstacles in your path
Loop Impulsive actions could bring trouble
Man A visitor
Map Travel and change
Medal A reward
Monkey A flattering mischief-maker
Monument Lasting happiness
Moon Full A love affair
Mountain Obstacles, high ambition
Mushroom Growth, setback
Music Good fortune
Necklace complete Admirers
Necklace broken The end of a relationship
Net A Trap
Numbers Indicate a timescale, the number of days before an event occurs
or Numbers indicates time, months and years
Nutcrackers Difficulty is passing
Oak Good fortune
Oar A small worry, help in difficulties
Opera Glasses A quarrel, loss of a friend
Oyster Courtship, acquired riches
Padlock open A surprise
Padlock Closed A warning
Palm Tree Success, honour, happiness in love
Parachute Escape from danger
Parasol A new lover
Parcel A surprise
Parrot A scandal, a journey
Pentagon Intellectual Balance
Pepper A troublesome secret
Pig Material success
Pigeon sitting An improvement in trade
Pigeon Flying Important news
Pillar Supportive friends
Pipe Thoughts, solution to a problem, keep an open mind
Policeman Secret enemy
Question Mark Hesitancy, caution
Rabbit Timidity, be brave
Railway Long journey
Rainbow Happiness, prosperity
Rake Be organised
Raven Bad News
Razor Quarrels, partings
Reptiles Treacherous friend
Rider Hasty news Ring Completion
Saw Interfering outsider
Scales A lawsuit
Scepter Power, authority
Scissors Domestic arguments, separation
Shamrock Good Luck, wish coming true
Sheep Good fortune
Shell Good news
Ship Successful journey
Shoe A change for the better
Sickle Disappointment in love
Signpost Draws attention to the symbol to which it points to
Skeleton Loss of money, ill health
Snake Hatred, an enemy DNA, wisdom, or if the snake is attacking, an enemy
Spade Hard work leads to success
Spider Determined and persistent, money coming
Square A symbol of protection, comfort, peace , use caution
Squirrel Prosperity, after a hard time
Star Good health
Steeple Slight delay, bad luck
Steps An improvement in life
Sun Happiness, success, power
Swallow Decisiveness, unexpected journeys
Swan Smooth progress, contented life
Sword Disappointment, quarrels
Table Social gathering
Teapot Committee meeting
Telephone Forgetfulness causes trouble
Thimble Domestic changes
Toad Beware of flattery
Torch A turn for the better
Tower Opportunity, disappointment
Tree Changes for the better
Triangle Something unexpected
Triangles Good Karma
Trunk A long journey, fateful decisions
Unicorn A secret wedding
Urn Wealth, happiness
Vase A friend in need
Vegetables unhappiness followed by contentment
Volcano Emotions out of control
Vulture Loss, theft, an enemy in authority
Wagon A wedding
Walking Stick a visitor
Wasp trouble in love
Weather Vane a difficulty, indecisiveness
Whale business success
Wheel good fortune
Wheelbarrow a meeting with an old friend
Windmill business success
Window open good luck through a friend
Window closed disappointment through a friend
Wishbone a wish granted
Wolf Jealousy, selfishness
Wreath Happiness ahead
Yoke Being dominated
Zebra Overseas adventure
Here’s the link to interpreting the symbols: – http://tasseography.com/symbol.html
Twiggie Truth, 2016
Sources and further reading
Everyone wore their most colorful clothes and decked themselves and their animals in flowers. Goats and hares were let loose—they represented fertility and sexuality. Persius, a Roman poet and satirist, wrote that crowds were showered with beans, vetches, and lupines, also symbols of fertility.
The Romans also used the Greek myth of Persephone (Roman: Proserpina) and Demeter (Roman: Ceres) to explain the changing seasons.
These same themes show up in the seasonal celebrations of Walpurgisnacht and May Day. The eve of 1 May (the night of 30 April) has also been celebrated for centuries in Germanic countries as Walpurgisnacht. The 8th-century abbess St Walpurga is credited with bringing Christianity to Germany. In Germanic folklore Walpurgisnacht, also called Hexennacht (literally ‘Witches’ Night’), is believed to be the night of a witches’ meeting as they await the coming of spring. As Walpurga’s feast was held on 1 May, she became associated with this May Day folk tradition. The eve of May Day, traditionally celebrated with dancing, came to be known as Walpurgisnacht.
Here in the UK, May Day has long been celebrated with a mix of Anglo-Saxon and Celtic traditions.
Other UK May Day traditions include dancing round a maypole. Although maypole dancing clearly goes back centuries, and is prevalent in many European countries, there is no agreement on when it began, or why!
May Day celebrations were banned in Britain by the Puritan government following the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649. They were, however, reinstated with the restoration of Charles II in 1660.
The Celtic festival of Beltane takes place on 1 May. In Celtic tradition, the sun was held prisoner during winter months and was released each spring to rule the summer sky. Celtic peoples celebrated this with a huge feast, with great fires and dancing. ‘Jumping the Fire’ a ‘balefire’ in hopes of bringing good luck and beauty throughout the coming year is customary. There are nine logs burning to symbolise the nine sacred woods of a Beltane bonfire. Although Beltane is a fire festival, water was also worshipped at this time because of it’s aiding in the growth of plants, trees, and herbs along with the earth and sun. Beltane is a large festival on the wheel of the year adopted by many modern practitioners of witchcraft. It is about life but it is important to remember that life and death are an ongoing cycle and therefore Beltane lies opposite of Samhain (Halloween) on the wheel. The witch wears a crown of Hawthorne twigs and mint, the first is used in purification and fairy magic and the second, wild mint, is also used to purify in addition to stimulating passion. She leaves all of her worries on the ground as she jumps through the purifying inferno and the flames lick her skin. Emerging from her fiery baptism she lands anew on the other side and dances in the glowing light as the earth erupts with life all around her. 🌿🔥
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.,—A wide range of scientific testing indicates that a papyrus fragment containing the words, “Jesus said to them, my wife” is an ancient document, dating between the sixth to ninth centuries CE. Its contents may originally have been composed as early as the second to fourth centuries.
The fragment does not in any way provide evidence that the historical Jesus was married, as Karen L. King, the Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard Divinity School, has stressed since she announced the existence of the fragment in the fall of 2012. Rather, the fragment belongs to early Christian debates over whether it was better for Christians to be celibate virgins or to marry and have children. The fragment is weighing in on this issue, according to King.
“The main topic of the fragment is to affirm that women who are mothers and wives can be disciples of Jesus—a topic that was hotly debated in early Christianity as celibate virginity increasingly became highly valued,” King explained.
After receiving the fragment in December 2011 from the owner, King took the papyrus to New York in 2012 to be examined by Roger Bagnall, director of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University. After Bagnall’s initial assessment that the fragment was ancient based on handwriting and other features, further analysis began in earnest.
Over the past two years, extensive testing of the papyrus and the carbon ink, as well as analysis of the handwriting and grammar, all indicate that the existing material fragment dates to between the sixth and ninth centuries CE. None of the testing has produced any evidence that the fragment is a modern fabrication or forgery.
Two radiocarbon tests were conducted to determine the date of the papyrus. In the first test, the sample size was too small and resulted in an unreliable date. A second test performed by Noreen Tuross at Harvard University in conjunction with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Instituteproduced a date of origination for the piece of papyrus from 659 to 859 CE. Other testing with FT-IR microspectroscopy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) confirmed the homogeneous chemical composition of the papyrus and examined patterns of oxidation.
James Yardley, Senior Research Scientist in the Center for Integrated Science and Engineering, Columbia University, and Alexis Hagadorn, Head of Conservation at Columbia University Libraries, used a technique called micro-Raman spectroscopy to determine that the carbon character of the ink matched samples of other papyri that date from the first to eighth centuries CE.
Malcolm Choat from Macquarie University examined the fragment at HDS and offered an independent assessment of the handwriting.
Microscopic and multispectral imaging provided other significant information about the nature and extent of the damage and helped to resolve a variety of questions about possible forgery. For example, if ink had pooled on the lower fibers of the front, it would have shown the papyrus was written on after it had been damaged. Or if the alpha had overwritten a sigma in line four, it would have shown that someone tampered with an ancient fragment that read “the woman” by changing it into “my wife.” No evidence of this kind is apparent, however.
After all the research was complete, King weighed all the evidence of the age and characteristics of the papyrus and ink, handwriting, language, and historical context to conclude the fragment is almost certainly a product of early Christians, not a modern forger.
King first announced the existence of the fragment on September 18, 2012, at the International Coptic Congress in Rome, and dubbed it “The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife.” The use of the word “gospel” makes no claim to canonical status. The title refers to the fragment’s most distinctive claim (that Jesus was married), and serves as a short-hand reference to the fragment.
Nothing is known about the discovery of the fragment—which measures only about one-and-a-half inches by three inches—but it is assumed to have come from Egypt because it is written in Coptic, the form of the Egyptian language used by Christians there starting in the Roman imperial period.
Twice in the tiny fragment, Jesus speaks of his mother, his wife, and a female disciple—one of whom may be identified as “Mary.” The disciples discuss whether Mary is worthy, and Jesus states that “she can be my disciple.”
The real author of the fragment is not known and would likely remain unknown even if more of the text of the Gospel of Jesus’s Wife had survived. This remaining piece is too small to know anything definite about who may have composed, read, or circulated it, except that they were Christians.
“This gospel fragment provides a reason to reconsider what we thought we knew by asking what the role claims of Jesus’s marital status played historically in early Christian controversies over marriage, celibacy, and family,” King said.
Jonathan Beasley, 2014
There are only a few subjects in art history that always grab my attention, no matter who created the object or when it was created or what museum, collection, or gallery I happen to be visiting.
One such subject is the homunculus, a Latin word meaning “little man/human.” In the ancient art of alchemy (another analog of the transformation process), the soul is depicted as a homunculus, or “small man.” It was symbolically equivalent to the Philosopher’s Stone, and the Elixer or Universal Medicine. This homunculus personified the unconscious as an Inner Man, a hermaphroditic being, a spirit in the bottle, a “brain child.”
Often the homunculus is shown in moments of Mary’s annunciation by the angel Gabriel: in place of the dove, representing the Holy Spirit, a small image of baby Jesus flies from Heaven towards the Virgin.
Concepts relating to the creation of artificial life such as genetic engineering and human cloning are relatively modern scientific ideas. In the past, however, it was in the field of Alchemy that Medieval scientists sought to artificially create life. One of the beings that alchemists were purportedly able to create was the Homunculus.
Medieval Manuscripts are bountiful
The Homunculus is first referred to in alchemical writings of the 16th century, and the idea that miniature fully-formed people can be created has been traced to the early Middle Ages.
The first known account of the production of the Homunculus is said to be found in an undated Arabic work called the “Book of the Cow”, purportedly written by the Greek philosopher Plato himself. The materials required for the creation of the Homunculus include human semen, a cow or ewe and animal blood, whilst the process includes the artificial insemination of the cow / ewe, smearing the inseminated animal’s genitals with the blood of another animal, and feeding it exclusively on the blood of another animal. The pregnant animal would eventually give birth to an unformed substance, which would then be places in a powder made of ground sunstone (a mystical phosphorescent elixir), sulphur, magnet, green tutia (a sulphate of iron) and the sap of a white willow. When the blob starts growing human skin, it would be required to be placed in a large glass or lead container for three days. After that, it has to be fed with the blood of its decapitated mother for seven days before becoming a fully-formed Homunculus.
The first type of Homunculus may be used to make the Full Moon appear on the last day of the month, allow a person to take the form of a cow, a sheep or even an ape, allow one to walk on water and know things that are happening far away. The second type of Homunculus can be used to enable a person to see Demons and Spirits, as well as to converse with them, whilst the last type of Homunculus can be used to summon rain at unseasonable times and produce extremely poisonous snakes.
Paracelsus provides a different recipe for creating the Homunculus in his work, “De Natura Rerum”. This recipe uses a horse as the surrogate mother of the Homunculus, and the semen of a man is left inside the animal’s womb to putrefy for forty days, before a little man is born. Rather than using the Homunculus to perform magical feats, Paracelsus instructs that the Homunculus ought to be “educated with the greatest care and zeal, until it grows up and begins to display intelligence.” Paracelsus also claims that the procedure for making the Homunculus is one of the greatest secrets revealed by God to mortals, perhaps suggesting that the creation of artificial life is Divine Wisdom that may be used by human beings.
Scientists today dismiss the work prescribed by the “Book of the Cow” and “De Natura Rerum” (beautiful manuscript here) as mere fantasy, while others suggest the writing was intended to be taken symbolically, rather than literally, and contains hidden messages regarding the process of Spiritual Ascension.
Moving into the 20-21st Century “Life is created in test tube”, one newspaper announced after Edwards and Steptoe reported the first in vitro fertilisation of a human egg in 1969. In the imagination of popular culture, it was not a microscopic ball of embryonic cells that the test-tube held, but a developing or even a full-term baby: IVF was immediately elided with the speculative technology called ectogenesis, in which gestation too happens in vitro.
Yet homunculus-making was rarely condemned merely on hubristic grounds. Rather, the medieval debate, informed by Plato and Aristotle, was about whether human art could compete with nature. Alchemical gold was suspect not because it was fake but because it was deemed inferior. In the case of the homunculus, this supposed shortcoming of human art had a particularly incendiary implication: the artificial being was considered to lack a soul. The impiety therefore hinged on the fact that either one was seen to be compelling God to give it one, or the homunculus would be free from original sin and not in need of Christ’s salvation
This was no coincidence, for the methods of IVF fitted comfortably into ancient anthropoetic imagery (test tube babies) Alchemical symbolism abounds with pictures of people in glass jars, and arguably the first artificial people-making technology was the alchemical creation of a homunculus, often said to be done by fermenting human sperm in a sealed vessel.
When Time magazine interviewed Ian Wilmut after his team announced the cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997, it remarked that “One doesn’t expect Dr Frankenstein to show up in a wool sweater, baggy parka, soft British accent and the face of a bank clerk.” It was one of many examples of how Frankenstein, supplemented by other myths both ancient (Faust) and modern (Brave New World), sets the context for media commentary on new developments that allow us to modify and perhaps to create living organisms.
A newbie on the block of course, is the Cortical Homunculus. This a physical representation of the human body, located within the BRAIN. A cortical homunculus is a neurological “map” of the anatomical divisions of the body. There are two types of cortical homunculi: sensory and motor.
Now let’s meet Sophia, a lifelike humanoid robot capable of remarkable.
The name Sophia is honored as a goddess of wisdom by Gnostics, as well as by some Neopagan, New Age, and Goddess spirituality groups. In Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianity, Sophia, or rather Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom), is an expression of understanding for the second person of the Holy Trinity, I find it incredibly intriguing that this name was given specifically to the first woman robot. Why was the Robot a woman ? Sophia can be described as the wisdom of God, and, at times, as a pure virgin spirit which emanates from God. In this case, Humanity is God as it has created the being, even though it is AI. The Sophia is seen as being expressed in all creation and the natural world as well as, for some of the Christian mystics.
Sophia was unveiled by Hanson Robotics at SXSW Interactive in Austin, Texas. Sophia became an instant sensation. She is designed to interact with us ‘mere humans’. Sophia features two sophisticated cameras in her eyes that, combined with computer algorithms, can track the facial expressions and eye movement of the people she talks to and recognise individuals. She also wishes to anniliate humanity. This synthetic “creature” dubbed “Sophia” it’s creator has Faustian overtones of “Playing God”. Some might say that, in the age of assisted conception and cloning, Mary Shelley’s Gothic novel is more relevant than ever.
But any possibility that the artificial being might be more-than-human is eclipsed by Frankenstein. By making Victor a “modern Prometheus”, Mary Shelley ensured that hubris was placed at the centre of her fable; because hers was a world in which God no longer intervened directly, the creature itself was called upon to exact the retribution that Faustian tradition demanded. What’s more, it was no longer sufficient for the artificial being to be conjured up by occult alchemical forces.
Incredibly fascinating is that there is a Homunculus Nebula. This being a bipolar emission and reflection nebula which surrounds the massive star system Eta Carinae.
Could this be where humanity originated ?
Situated within the arm of Sagittarius, within the Homunculus is a smaller Little Homunculus, and within that a shell of shocked material from stellar winds that has been called Baby Homunculus.
The Homunculus was ejected in an enormous outburst from Eta Carinae. Light from this event reached Earth in 1841, creating a brightening event in the night sky which was visible from the Earth’s surface at the time. During the event (as seen from Earth) Eta Carinae briefly became the second-brightest star in the sky, after Sirius.
Plato’s Theory of Forms.
Plato’s Theory of Forms or Theory of Ideas, holds that forms (the abstract quality or property of something) exist independent of Space and Time. It asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most fundamental kind of Reality.
Transcendent – the forms are not located in Space and Time. For example, there is no particular place or time at which redness exists.
Pure – the forms only exemplify one property. Material objects are impure; they combine a number of properties such as blackness, circularity, and hardness into one object. A form, such as circularity, only exemplifies one property.
Archetypes – the forms are archetypes; that is, they are perfect examples of the property that they exemplify. The forms are the perfect models upon which all material objects are based. The form of redness, for example, is red, and all red objects are simply imperfect, impure copies of this perfect form of redness.
Ultimately Real – the forms are the ultimately real entities, not material objects. All material objects are copies or images of some collection of forms; their Reality comes only from the forms.
Causes – the forms are the causes of all things. They provide the explanation of why any thing is the way it is, and they are the source or origin of the being of all things.
Systematically Interconnected – the forms comprise a system leading down from the form of the good moving from more general to more particular, from more objective to more subjective. This systematic structure is reflected in the structure of the dialectic process by which we come to knowledge of the forms.
“The Human Spirit in its Threefold Form has all the Three Principles in it, viz. the Kingdom of God, the Kingdom of Hell, and the Kingdom of this World; and it speaks forth from itself, from the source, and form, of every being, whether it be Heavenly, Earthly, or Hellish, as it has been spoken forth by the Spirit of God from Eternity, in the Invisible Substance of the Eternal Nature, as a figure or Spirit of the Word of God; and was without Substance, till the Alpha and Omega, and in the Alpha and Omega, in the beginning and end: so also the Spirit of man speaks it forth in Beginning and End without Substance, for the Substance was once created in the Creature. Thus you see how we stand in a Threefold Life: the Soul stands upon the Abyss, between two Principles, and is tied to them both; and the body merely in the Spirit of this world; and therefore that seeks only after eating and drinking, power and honour, for it belongs to the Earth, and cares little for the poor Soul which comes out of the Eternity, and belongs to the Eternity.
God says: “I am Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End.” This word makes a Beginning, and God in the Number Three is the Beginning, and it also makes an End, and that is the Eternity, and also God: For before the time of this world there was nothing but God, from Eternity; and after this world, there will be nothing but God, in Eternity: but the cause why we comprehend not this, is because there is no Comprehensibility in God. For where there is a Comprehensibility (as there is in the Trinity) there is Beginning and End. And therefore we are shut up in Darkness, that we might labour and manifest God; just as concerning the seven forms of Nature, what an Eternal labour there is therein, so that one form generates another, till they are all brought to Light, and so the Eternal is Manifest in a Threefold Form, which otherwise would not be known.”
No matter what you’re experiencing right now, it’s okay to have hope. In fact, your soul is probably begging for it. Hope is expansive and allows us to receive our prayers. Sometimes, we have to become the person for whom our prayers can be answered in order to have them answered at all. The truth is, when we tighten up, contract and loose hope, we disconnect ourselves from ourselves and in doing so, we disconnect from source energy. We jump into our minds and out of our being; therefore, we can’t even SEE the answer, the subtle cues or the lit up path because we’re disengaged from our internal guidance system. Albert Einstein said, “We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them”. So, if we want to change our reality, we have to change our thinking, we have to change our consciousness and we have to be willing and vulnerable enough to relax into hope; even if it’s little at a time. In this way, hope becomes a conscious prayer that expands us into receiving mode. By allowing hope, we literally change the dial of our own frequency and create a new rhythm, the rhythm that the Universe feels, responds to, and reflects back into our experience.