A Cup of Destiny

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When I was little, I can vividly remember my Aunt Eva reading tea leaves, all the women used to gather around and listen to what she had to say.  

I cannot remember whether to cup and saucer she used was a special one, one that was manufactured by the potteries for this type of divination or it was one of her simple porcelain china cup and saucer.  Aunty would always have a doily present, to mop up any spills from the tea cup.  Now these sacred geometric patterns are classed as ‘Shabby Chic’, but the importance of these and the tea cup are deep rooted, as a good friend Paul and mentor has said, “a wiccan doily, being representative of a neural geomantra, or the psycho schematic, that is given by the witch,through the written grimoire,verbal geomantra,or ritual in performance”. (Paul Welsh, June 2016)

Having had a little natter Hubby, about this, he told me his nan too, used to read tea leaves.  We now live in an era where we hunt and capture (pocket) monsters using our mobile phones, practicing fortune telling using tea leaves at the bottom of the cup seems a bit absurd!

For Centuries, People Have Searched For Answers In The Bottom Of A Tea Cup

Unknown.jpegIs this a tradition now lost?

Trying to divine what the future holds is an ancient human preoccupation. And for centuries, soothsayers have sought answers in the bottom of a teacup.  The art of reading tea leaves is referred to as Tasseography (or Tasseomancy) and is a divination or fortune-telling method that in western tradition interprets patterns in tea leaves.  The beverage, Tea, is linked with herbology part of alternative healing and tea reading began to make its mark in popularity during the 17th century when tea was introduced into Europe from China.  When tea first made its way into Britain from China in the mid-17th century, it was an aristocratic beverage, but as trade fueled falling prices, the general population began drinking it.  Already culturally superstitious, lower classes were quick to use tea leaves instead of some of their cumbersome and often dangerous methods of divination, such as the use of molten metal (molybdomancy), hot wax (carromancy) or the entrails of animals (haruspicy). Tea leaf reading is still today classed as an art of the Romany /Gypsy, no doubt it is an ancient practice interpreting patterns made by tea leaves in the cup.   

Reading Tea Leaves, by a “Highland Seer,” is the oldest book on the subject in English. Written in the 18th century, it offered sets of symbols to interpret tea-leaf patterns. The book talks about generations of Scottish “spae wives” (from the Norse spa, meaning “prophecy”) peering into their tea cups to tell of things to come.  According to a wikipedia entry on this subject Scotland, Ireland, Wales and England have produced a number of practitioners and authors on the subject, and English potteries have crafted many elaborate tea cup sets specially designed and decorated to aid in fortune-telling. (Wiki, 2016).

So, I thought I would try and locate some of these cups which were manufactured via the Potteries.  This fabulous website The Mystic Tea Room has a wealth of information on these beautiful divinity cups and is well worth a visit.   http://www.mystictearoom.com/wiki/Main_Page

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Aynsley is a reputable English manufacturer of quality bone china, the company was founded by John Aynsley in Staffordshire, 1775. This is an outstanding piece named the “Nelros Cup of Fortune.” This teacup is said to be from 1904.  Like most fortune telling teacups this one comes with a fancy little instruction booklet titled “Would’st learn thy future with thy tea?… This magic cup will show it thee.” this also appears on the outside of the teacup.

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The Paragon Fortune Telling Teacup

Paragon is another recognisable English producer of quality china, it was founded by Herbert Aynsley (the great grandson of John Aynsley) and Hugh Irving in 1897. This teacup dates from the 1930s and usually is seen in either blue or pink. Along the rim of the interior it reads “Many curious things I see when telling fortunes in your tea.” I’m sure there must be a book to accompany this teacup.   A variety of symbols are scattered about the inside of the cup, these are usually coloured fuchsia but the one pictured appears to be a reddish-brown colour.

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The Alfred Meakin Cup of Knowledge

Alfred Meakin Ltd began producing china in 1875. This Cup of Knowledge dates back to 1924 and has a distinct look that separates it from the aforementioned fortune teacups, it depicts playing cards instead of symbols. Here Cartomancy has joined forces with Tasseography to provide the reader with an enlightening divinatory experience. In this instance you would use the location of the tea leaves in relation to the cards to determine what the future could hold.

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The Royal Doulton Swastika

Royal Doulton’s popularity, is particularly know from their whimsical china figurines, but this is  a rare find.  Fancy see a teacup with a swastika at the bottom of it.  This was before Hitler turned the symbol into a pile of ungodly puke, it was recognised as a symbol of good fortune, which gives u a decent indication of just how old this cup is.

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Cannonsbury Pottery Chinese Cup of Knowledge

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1950’s typical stereotyping tea cup and saucer

 

Tea leaf reading is a fun, healthful and creative way to listen to yourself and open your psychic abilities.

The term also refers to the reading of coffee grounds, especially in the Middle Eastern tradition, by using the left-over coffee grounds from Turkish coffee turned over onto a plate.

The term has also been applied to the reading of wine sediments. The term derives from the French word tasse (cup), which in turn derives from the Arabic tassa (cup).

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The Tea Cup’s Fortune-Telling by Harry Roseland (1906, dated and signed at middle right; this is a postcard version of the painting)

How To Read Leaves

Tasseography, otherwise known as tasseomancy or tassology, is the art of tea leaf reading. “Tasse” or “tass” is an Arab root, meaning small cup or goblet.

You need to find a cup with a wide brim that’s light in colour, find a wide saucer. Pour in lose tea leaves/coffee (you can buy loose tea leaves or rip open a tea bag) into you cup and add boiling water (Do Not add milk) Drink your tea/coffee while thinking about your question, if you dont like tea/coffee take a few sips. When you are finished drinking take the cup in your dominant hand and place your non-dominant handover the top of your cup. Turn the cup tree times in a clockwise direction. Pour any remaining water down the sink. Place the cup upside down on the saucer or a napkin and turn it clockwise three times, turn the cup over look for the leaves that have taken shapes. When you have finished your reading it is customary to turn your cup over, place your index finger on the base of your cup and make a wish.

Ronald Weasley: “Right. What can you see in mine?

Harry Potter: “A load of soggy brown stuff.“— Harry Potter’s first attempt at tessomancy

Begin reading at the handle (or at 12 o’clock if there is no handle) and progress clockwise.

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Meanings

You can twist and turn the cup for new angles to find symbols in your cup, the closer the symbol is to the rim of the cup the sooner it will happen. the further down the longer it will take, tea reading can only predict up to a year. symbols at the bottom of your cup will take almost a whole year to take effect.

 

 

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  1. If two spoons were accidentally placed in one saucer, there would be news of twins
  2. If a spoon is accidentally placed upside down in a saucer their will be news of a close relative becoming ill.
  3. A single leaf floating on a full cup of tea means that the inquirer would come into some money.
  4. A single leaf stuck inside a full cup signifies the news of a stranger entering the enquirers life
  5. If the leaves are stacked opposite the handle, trouble is on its way.
  6. If the leaves are stack by the handle, trouble is on its ways and the inquirer is to blame.

f807b185933b411eaf68dc79f16d96cb.jpgCommon Shapes

Abbey Freedom from worry

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Ace of Clubs A letter

Ace of Diamonds A present

Ace of Hearts Happiness

Ace of Spades A large Building

 

Acorn Financial Success

Aircraft Sudden Journey

Alligator An accident

Anchor Success in business and romance

Angel Good news

Ankle Instability

Ant success through perseverance

Anvil conscientious effort

Apple Business achievement

Arc Ill health, accidents

Arrow Bad News

Axe Difficulties and troubles that will be overcome

Bat False Friends

Bath Disappointment

Bayonet A minor accident

Beans Poverty

Bear A Journey

Bed Inertia

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Bee Good news

Beehive Prosperity

 

Beetle Scandal

Bell Unexpected news

Bellows Setbacks
Bird Good news

Birds Ascension, good news

Birdcage Obstacles, quarrels

Bird’s Nest Domestic harmony

Bishop Good luck coming

Boat Visit from a friend

Book Open Expect legal actions, future success

Boomerang Envy

Boot Achievement

Bottle Pleasure

Bouquet Love and happiness

Bow Scandal, gossip

Box Romantic troubles solved

Bracelet Marriage

Branch With Leaves A birth

Bread Avoid waste

Broom Small worries disappear

Buckle Disappointments ahead

Building A move

Bull Quarrels

Bush New Friends

Butterfly Frivolity

Baby Pregnancy, something new

Ball Completion

Butterfly Transition

Cabbage Jealousy

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Cage A Proposal

Camel Useful news

Candle Help from others

Cannon news from a solider

Cap Trouble ahead- be Careful

Car Good fortune

Cart Success in business

Castle Financial gain through marriage

 

 

Unknown.jpegCat A quarrel

Cattle Prosperity

Chain An engagement or wedding

Chair An unexpected guest

Cherries A happy love affair

Chessmen Difficulties ahead

Chimney Hidden risks

Church Ceremony Unexpected money

Cigar New friends

Circle Success, a wedding

Circles great success

Claw A hidden enemy

Clock Avoid delay, think of the future

Clouds Trouble ahead

Clover Prosperity

Coat A parting, an end of a friendship

Coffin Bad news
Coin Repayment of debts

Collar Dependence on others for success and happiness

Column Promotion

Comb Deceit

Comet An unexpected visitor

Compass Travel, a change of job

Corkscrew Curiosity causing trouble

Crab An enemy

Crescent A journey

Cross Trouble, ill health

Crown Honour, success

Cup Reward for effort

Curtain A secret

Cymbal Insincere love

China engagement

Chair A guest

Clock Better Health

Unknown-1.jpegDaffodil Great Happiness

Dagger Danger ahead, enemies

Daisy Happiness in love

Dancer Disappointment

Deer A dispute or quarrel

Desk Letter containing good news

Devil Evil influences

Dish Quarrel at home

Dog good friends

Donkey be patient

Door Strange occurrence

Dot money

Dove Good fortune

images.pngDragon Unforeseen changes, trouble

Drum Scandal, gossip, a new job, argument

Duck money coming in

Dustpan Strange news about a friend

Eagle a change for the better

 

Ear unexpected news

Earrings misunderstanding

Easel artistic success

Egg Prosperity

Eggcup Danger is passing

Elephant Wisdom, strength

Engine news is on its way fast

Envelope good news

Eye overcoming difficulties, take care

Face setback

falero_luis_ricardo_lily_fairy_1888Fairy joy and enchantment

Fan Flirtation

Feather Instability

Feet An important decision

Fence limitation

Fern Disloyalty

Fir Artistic success

Fire achievement

Fireplace Matters related to your home

Fish Good fortune in all things, health, wealth and happiness

 

Fist An argument

Flag Danger ahead

Flower Wish coming true

Fly Domestic irritations

Font A birth

Fork A false friend, flattery

Forked line Decision to be made

Fountain Future success and happiness

Fox A deceitful friend

Frog Success through a change of home or job

Fruit Prosperity

Gallows Social Failure

Garden roller Difficulties ahead

Garland Success, great honour

Gate Opportunity, future happiness

tea leaf reading 01.jpgGeese invitations, unexpected visitors

Giraffe Think before you speak

Glass Integrity

Glove A challenge

Goat enemies

Gondola Romance, travel

Gramophone Pleasure

Grapes Happiness

Grasshopper News from a friend

Greyhound Good fortune

Guitar Happiness in love

Gun Trouble, quarrels

Hammer Overcoming obstacles

Hand Friendship

Handcuffs Trouble ahead

Hare News of a friend

Harp Harmony in love

Hat A new occupation

Hawk Sudden Danger, jealousy

Head New opportunities

Heart Love and marriage, a trustworthy friend

Heather Good fortune

Hen Domestic Bliss

Hill Obstacles, setback

Hoe Hard work leading to success

Holly An important occurrence in the winter

Horn Abundance

Unknown.jpegHorse Galloping Good news from a lover

Horseshoe Good Luck

Hourglass A decision that must be made

House Security

 

Iceberg Danger

Initials Usually those of people you known to you

ink pot A letter

insect Minor problems soon overcome

Ivy leaf Reliable friend

Jester Party or social Gathering

Jewelry A present

Jug Gaining in importance, good health

Kangaroo Domestic Harmony

Kettle Minor Illness

Key New opportunities

Keyhole Beware of idle curiosity

King A powerful ally

Kite Wishes coming true

Knife Broken relationship

Ladder Promotion

Lamp Money

Leaf Prosperity, good fortune

Leopard News of a journey

Letter News

Letters Usually refer to friends, family, and people you know

Unknown.jpegLighthouse Trouble threatening

Lines straight and clear Progress, journey

Lines wavy Uncertainty, disappointment

Line slanting Business failure

Lion Influential friends

Lock Obstacles in your path

Loop Impulsive actions could bring trouble

Man A visitor

Map Travel and change

Mask Deception

Medal A reward

Mermaid Temptation

Monkey A flattering mischief-maker

Monster Terror

Monument Lasting happiness

Moon Full A love affair

Mountain Obstacles, high ambition

Mouse Theft

Mushroom Growth, setback

Music Good fortune

Nail Malice

Necklace complete Admirers

Necklace broken The end of a relationship

Needle Admiration

Net A Trap

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Numbers Indicate a timescale, the number of days before an event occurs

or 
Numbers indicates time, months and years

 

Nun Quarantine

Nurse Illness

Nutcrackers Difficulty is passing

Oak Good fortune

Oar A small worry, help in difficulties

Octopus danger

Opera Glasses A quarrel, loss of a friend

Ostrich Travel

Owl Gossip

Oyster Courtship, acquired riches

Padlock open A surprise

Padlock Closed A warning

Palm Tree Success, honour, happiness in love

Parachute Escape from danger

Parasol A new lover

Parcel A surprise

Parrot A scandal, a journey

Peacock Riches

Pear Comfort

Pentagon Intellectual Balance

Pepper A troublesome secret

Pig Material success

Pigeon sitting An improvement in trade

Pigeon Flying Important news

Pillar Supportive friends

Pipe Thoughts, solution to a problem, keep an open mind

Pistol Danger

Pitchfork Quarrels

Policeman Secret enemy

Pump Generosity

Purse Profit

Pyramid Success

Question Mark Hesitancy, caution

Rabbit Timidity, be brave

Railway Long journey

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Rainbow Happiness, prosperity

Rake Be organised

Rat Treachery

Raven Bad News

Razor Quarrels, partings

Reptiles Treacherous friend

Rider Hasty news
Ring Completion

Rocks Difficulties

Rose Popularity

Saucepan Anxieties

Saw Interfering outsider

Scales A lawsuit

Scepter Power, authority

Scissors Domestic arguments, separation

Scythe Danger

Shamrock Good Luck, wish coming true

Sheep Good fortune

Shell Good news

Ship Successful journey

Shoe A change for the better

Sickle Disappointment in love

Signpost Draws attention to the symbol to which it points to

Skeleton Loss of money, ill health

Snake Hatred, an enemy   DNA, wisdom, or if the snake is attacking, an enemy

Spade Hard work leads to success

Spider Determined and persistent, money coming

Spoon Generosity

Square A symbol of protection, comfort, peace
, use caution

Squirrel Prosperity, after a hard time

Star Good health

Steeple Slight delay, bad luck

Unknown-2.jpegSteps An improvement in life

Sun Happiness, success, power

Swallow Decisiveness, unexpected journeys

Swan Smooth progress, contented life

Sword Disappointment, quarrels

Table Social gathering

Teapot Committee meeting

Telephone Forgetfulness causes trouble

Taxi Disappointment

Telescope Adventure

Tent Travel

Thimble Domestic changes

Toad Beware of flattery

Torch A turn for the better

Tortoise Criticism

Tower Opportunity, disappointment

Tree Changes for the better

Triangle Something unexpected

Triangles Good Karma

Trunk A long journey, fateful decisions

Umbrella Annoyances

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Unicorn A secret wedding

 

 

Urn Wealth, happiness

Vase A friend in need

Vegetables unhappiness followed by contentment

Violin Egotism

Volcano Emotions out of control

Vulture Loss, theft, an enemy in authority

Wagon A wedding

Walking Stick a visitor

Wasp trouble in love

Waterfall prosperity

Weather Vane a difficulty, indecisiveness

Whale business success

Wheel good fortune

Wheelbarrow a meeting with an old friend

Windmill business success

Window open good luck through a friend

Window closed disappointment through a friend

Wings messages

Wishbone a wish granted

Wolf Jealousy, selfishness

Woman Pleasure

Worms Scandal

Wreath Happiness ahead

Yacht Pleasure

Yoke Being dominated

Zebra Overseas adventure

Here’s the link to interpreting the symbols: – http://tasseography.com/symbol.html

So back to the future…

Those hoarse-voiced traveling gypsies or dark-hooded mysterious figures with crystal balls (I’m exaggerating here), are now known to practice the art.  I

While the goal of this rather long blog is not to persuade anyone to practice tasseography, there’s nothing wrong in trying it every once in a while. It would be a fun, interesting, and relaxing activity for a tea party, regardless of the accuracy.  It could also be used as a way to try meditation – either individually or in a group. The Japanese are known to use tea ceremonies as a form of meditation.  And the most important reason for the tea lovers among us, you can use tasseography as an excuse to enjoy more tea!

Twiggie Truth, 2016

Sources and further reading

The Mystic Tea Room

Tea cup reading: A quick and easy guide to Tasseography

 

FLORALIA: BELTANE: MAY DAY’S ORIGINS 

Floralia, the Roman holiday that’s most likely the origin of May Day, the flowery holiday that initiates the summer season.

The ancient spring festival is celebrated in this 1874 watercolour by British artist Walter Crane.

The festival honored Flora, the Sabine goddess who represented the reproductive abundance of nature, the sexual aspects of plants, and the attractiveness of flowers. The celebrations, which began on April 28 and went on for six days and nights, included games, pantomimes, plays, and stripteases. According to Suetonius in CE 68, the entertainment included a tightrope-walking elephant.

Everyone wore their most colorful clothes and decked themselves and their animals in flowers. Goats and hares were let loose—they represented fertility and sexuality. Persius, a Roman poet and satirist, wrote that crowds were showered with beans, vetches, and lupines, also symbols of fertility.

The Romans also used the Greek myth of Persephone (Roman: Proserpina) and Demeter (Roman: Ceres) to explain the changing seasons. 


The month of May is named after the Greek goddess Maia, depicted here with flower garlands and wreaths. 

These same themes show up in the seasonal celebrations of Walpurgisnacht and May Day.  The eve of 1 May (the night of 30 April) has also been celebrated for centuries in Germanic countries as Walpurgisnacht. The 8th-century abbess St Walpurga is credited with bringing Christianity to Germany. In Germanic folklore Walpurgisnacht, also called Hexennacht (literally ‘Witches’ Night’), is believed to be the night of a witches’ meeting as they await the coming of spring. As Walpurga’s feast was held on 1 May, she became associated with this May Day folk tradition. The eve of May Day, traditionally celebrated with dancing, came to be known as Walpurgisnacht. 

Here in the UK, May Day has long been celebrated with a mix of Anglo-Saxon and Celtic traditions.   

Other UK May Day traditions include dancing round a maypole. Although maypole dancing clearly goes back centuries, and is prevalent in many European countries, there is no agreement on when it began, or why!

May Day celebrations were banned in Britain by the Puritan government following the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649. They were, however, reinstated with the restoration of Charles II in 1660.

The Celtic festival of Beltane takes place on 1 May. In Celtic tradition, the sun was held prisoner during winter months and was released each spring to rule the summer sky. Celtic peoples celebrated this with a huge feast, with great fires and dancing. ‘Jumping the Fire’ a ‘balefire’ in hopes of bringing good luck and beauty throughout the coming year is customary.  There are nine logs burning to symbolise the nine sacred woods of a Beltane bonfire. Although Beltane is a fire festival, water was also worshipped at this time because of it’s aiding in the growth of plants, trees, and herbs along with the earth and sun. Beltane is a large festival on the wheel of the year adopted by many modern practitioners of witchcraft. It is about life but it is important to remember that life and death are an ongoing cycle and therefore Beltane lies opposite of Samhain (Halloween) on the wheel. The witch wears a crown of Hawthorne twigs and mint, the first is used in purification and fairy magic and the second, wild mint, is also used to purify in addition to stimulating passion. She leaves all of her worries on the ground as she jumps through the purifying inferno and the flames lick her skin. Emerging from her fiery baptism she lands anew on the other side and dances in the glowing light as the earth erupts with life all around her. 🌿🔥 

Twiggie, 2016

Testing Indicates “Gospel of Jesus’s Wife” Papyrus Fragment to be Ancient

 
 CAMBRIDGE, Mass.,—A wide range of scientific testing indicates that a papyrus fragment containing the words, “Jesus said to them, my wife” is an ancient document, dating between the sixth to ninth centuries CE. Its contents may originally have been composed as early as the second to fourth centuries.

The fragment does not in any way provide evidence that the historical Jesus was married, as Karen L. King, the Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard Divinity School, has stressed since she announced the existence of the fragment in the fall of 2012. Rather, the fragment belongs to early Christian debates over whether it was better for Christians to be celibate virgins or to marry and have children. The fragment is weighing in on this issue, according to King.

“The main topic of the fragment is to affirm that women who are mothers and wives can be disciples of Jesus—a topic that was hotly debated in early Christianity as celibate virginity increasingly became highly valued,” King explained.

After receiving the fragment in December 2011 from the owner, King took the papyrus to New York in 2012 to be examined by Roger Bagnall, director of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University. After Bagnall’s initial assessment that the fragment was ancient based on handwriting and other features, further analysis began in earnest. 

  
Over the past two years, extensive testing of the papyrus and the carbon ink, as well as analysis of the handwriting and grammar, all indicate that the existing material fragment dates to between the sixth and ninth centuries CE. None of the testing has produced any evidence that the fragment is a modern fabrication or forgery.

Two radiocarbon tests were conducted to determine the date of the papyrus. In the first test, the sample size was too small and resulted in an unreliable date. A second test performed by Noreen Tuross at Harvard University in conjunction with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Instituteproduced a date of origination for the piece of papyrus from 659 to 859 CE. Other testing with FT-IR microspectroscopy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) confirmed the homogeneous chemical composition of the papyrus and examined patterns of oxidation.

James Yardley, Senior Research Scientist in the Center for Integrated Science and Engineering, Columbia University, and Alexis Hagadorn, Head of Conservation at Columbia University Libraries, used a technique called micro-Raman spectroscopy to determine that the carbon character of the ink matched samples of other papyri that date from the first to eighth centuries CE.

Malcolm Choat from Macquarie University examined the fragment at HDS and offered an independent assessment of the handwriting. 

Microscopic and multispectral imaging provided other significant information about the nature and extent of the damage and helped to resolve a variety of questions about possible forgery. For example, if ink had pooled on the lower fibers of the front, it would have shown the papyrus was written on after it had been damaged. Or if the alpha had overwritten a sigma in line four, it would have shown that someone tampered with an ancient fragment that read “the woman” by changing it into “my wife.” No evidence of this kind is apparent, however.

After all the research was complete, King weighed all the evidence of the age and characteristics of the papyrus and ink, handwriting, language, and historical context to conclude the fragment is almost certainly a product of early Christians, not a modern forger.

King first announced the existence of the fragment on September 18, 2012, at the International Coptic Congress in Rome, and dubbed it “The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife.” The use of the word “gospel” makes no claim to canonical status. The title refers to the fragment’s most distinctive claim (that Jesus was married), and serves as a short-hand reference to the fragment.

Nothing is known about the discovery of the fragment—which measures only about one-and-a-half inches by three inches—but it is assumed to have come from Egypt because it is written in Coptic, the form of the Egyptian language used by Christians there starting in the Roman imperial period.

Twice in the tiny fragment, Jesus speaks of his mother, his wife, and a female disciple—one of whom may be identified as “Mary.” The disciples discuss whether Mary is worthy, and Jesus states that “she can be my disciple.”

The real author of the fragment is not known and would likely remain unknown even if more of the text of the Gospel of Jesus’s Wife had survived. This remaining piece is too small to know anything definite about who may have composed, read, or circulated it, except that they were Christians.

“This gospel fragment provides a reason to reconsider what we thought we knew by asking what the role claims of Jesus’s marital status played historically in early Christian controversies over marriage, celibacy, and family,” King said. 

  

Source:

Jonathan Beasley, 2014 

 http://gospelofjesusswife.hds.harvard.edu/testing-indicates-gospel-jesuss-wife-papyrus-fragment-be-ancient

“Little Man” Homunculus

 
Homunculus: (n.) a little human

 

A tiny person within a Sperm By N Hartsoecker, C.1695
 

There are only a few subjects in art history that always grab my attention, no matter who created the object or when it was created or what museum, collection, or gallery I happen to be visiting.

One such subject is the homunculus, a Latin word meaning “little man/human.” In the ancient art of alchemy (another analog of the transformation process), the soul is depicted as a homunculus, or “small man.” It was symbolically equivalent to the Philosopher’s Stone, and the Elixer or Universal Medicine. This homunculus personified the unconscious as an Inner Man, a hermaphroditic being, a spirit in the bottle, a “brain child.”

Homunculus-alchemical-creation.jpg
Simm Faust

Often the homunculus is shown in moments of Mary’s annunciation by the angel Gabriel: in place of the dove, representing the Holy Spirit, a small image of baby Jesus flies from Heaven towards the Virgin. 

Pacino di Binaguida, Tree of Life c. 1310


If you look carefully you can see Baby Jesus flying through the air. 

Concepts relating to the creation of artificial life such as genetic engineering and human cloning are relatively modern scientific ideas. In the past, however, it was in the field of Alchemy that Medieval scientists sought to artificially create life. One of the beings that alchemists were purportedly able to create was the Homunculus.  

Medieval Manuscripts are bountiful

The Homunculus is first referred to in alchemical writings of the 16th century, and the idea that miniature fully-formed people can be created has been traced to the early Middle Ages.

But homunculi (plural) need not always be of Jesus. In the example below, the holy Trinity sit in Heaven, to the left, and a homunculus flies across the bedroom towards a sleeping woman, whose husband appears to witness the miraculous conception. The scroll that surrounds the Trinity reads, “Let us create man in our image and likeness” (‘Faciamus hominem ad imaginem et similitudem nostram’). Thus, the image makes visible the invisible moment in which the woman becomes pregnant by divine intervention.

The first known account of the production of the Homunculus is said to be found in an undated Arabic work called the “Book of the Cow”, purportedly written by the Greek philosopher Plato himself. The materials required for the creation of the Homunculus include human semen, a cow or ewe and animal blood, whilst the process includes the artificial insemination of the cow / ewe, smearing the inseminated animal’s genitals with the blood of another animal, and feeding it exclusively on the blood of another animal. The pregnant animal would eventually give birth to an unformed substance, which would then be places in a powder made of ground sunstone (a mystical phosphorescent elixir), sulphur, magnet, green tutia (a sulphate of iron) and the sap of a white willow. When the blob starts growing human skin, it would be required to be placed in a large glass or lead container for three days. After that, it has to be fed with the blood of its decapitated mother for seven days before becoming a fully-formed Homunculus.

 
The first type of Homunculus may be used to make the Full Moon appear on the last day of the month, allow a person to take the form of a cow, a sheep or even an ape, allow one to walk on water and know things that are happening far away. The second type of Homunculus can be used to enable a person to see Demons and Spirits, as well as to converse with them, whilst the last type of Homunculus can be used to summon rain at unseasonable times and produce extremely poisonous snakes.

 
Paracelsus provides a different recipe for creating the Homunculus in his work, “De Natura Rerum”. This recipe uses a horse as the surrogate mother of the Homunculus, and the semen of a man is left inside the animal’s womb to putrefy for forty days, before a little man is born. Rather than using the Homunculus to perform magical feats, Paracelsus instructs that the Homunculus ought to be “educated with the greatest care and zeal, until it grows up and begins to display intelligence.” Paracelsus also claims that the procedure for making the Homunculus is one of the greatest secrets revealed by God to mortals, perhaps suggesting that the creation of artificial life is Divine Wisdom that may be used by human beings.

 
Scientists today dismiss the work prescribed by the “Book of the Cow” and “De Natura Rerum” (beautiful manuscript here) as mere fantasy, while others suggest the writing was intended to be taken symbolically, rather than literally, and contains hidden messages regarding the process of Spiritual Ascension. 


Moving into the 20-21st Century  “Life is created in test tube”, one newspaper announced after Edwards and Steptoe reported the first in vitro fertilisation of a human egg in 1969.  In the imagination of popular culture, it was not a microscopic ball of embryonic cells that the test-tube held, but a developing or even a full-term baby: IVF was immediately elided with the speculative technology called ectogenesis, in which gestation too happens in vitro.

Yet homunculus-making was rarely condemned merely on hubristic grounds. Rather, the medieval debate, informed by Plato and Aristotle, was about whether human art could compete with nature. Alchemical gold was suspect not because it was fake but because it was deemed inferior. In the case of the homunculus, this supposed shortcoming of human art had a particularly incendiary implication: the artificial being was considered to lack a soul. The impiety therefore hinged on the fact that either one was seen to be compelling God to give it one, or the homunculus would be free from original sin and not in need of Christ’s salvation

This was no coincidence, for the methods of IVF fitted comfortably into ancient anthropoetic imagery (test tube babies) Alchemical symbolism abounds with pictures of people in glass jars, and arguably the first artificial people-making technology was the alchemical creation of a homunculus, often said to be done by fermenting human sperm in a sealed vessel.

When Time magazine interviewed Ian Wilmut after his team announced the cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997, it remarked that “One doesn’t expect Dr Frankenstein to show up in a wool sweater, baggy parka, soft British accent and the face of a bank clerk.” It was one of many examples of how Frankenstein, supplemented by other myths both ancient (Faust) and modern (Brave New World), sets the context for media commentary on new developments that allow us to modify and perhaps to create living organisms. 

A newbie on the block of course, is the Cortical Homunculus.   This a physical representation of the human body, located within the BRAIN. A cortical homunculus is a neurological “map” of the anatomical divisions of the body. There are two types of cortical homunculi: sensory and motor.

Sophia, the Holy Wisdom, 1812
 

Now let’s meet Sophia, a lifelike humanoid robot capable of remarkable.  

The name Sophia is honored as a goddess of wisdom by Gnostics, as well as by some Neopagan, New Age, and Goddess spirituality groups. In Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianity, Sophia, or rather Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom), is an expression of understanding for the second person of the Holy Trinity, I find it incredibly intriguing that this name was given specifically to the first woman robot.  Why was the Robot a woman ? Sophia can be described as the wisdom of God, and, at times, as a pure virgin spirit which emanates from God. In this case, Humanity is God as it has created the being, even though it is AI.   The Sophia is seen as being expressed in all creation and the natural world as well as, for some of the Christian mystics.  

 
Sophia was unveiled by Hanson Robotics at SXSW Interactive in Austin, Texas. Sophia became an instant sensation.   She is designed to interact with us ‘mere humans’.   Sophia features two sophisticated cameras in her eyes that, combined with computer algorithms, can track the facial expressions and eye movement of the people she talks to and recognise individuals. She also wishes to anniliate humanity. This synthetic “creature” dubbed “Sophia” it’s creator has Faustian overtones of “Playing God”. Some might say that, in the age of assisted conception and cloning, Mary Shelley’s Gothic novel is more relevant than ever.

But any possibility that the artificial being might be more-than-human is eclipsed by Frankenstein. By making Victor a “modern Prometheus”, Mary Shelley ensured that hubris was placed at the centre of her fable; because hers was a world in which God no longer intervened directly, the creature itself was called upon to exact the retribution that Faustian tradition demanded. What’s more, it was no longer sufficient for the artificial being to be conjured up by occult alchemical forces. 

Incredibly fascinating is that there is a Homunculus Nebula.   This being a bipolar emission and reflection nebula which surrounds the massive star system Eta Carinae.  

Could this be where humanity originated ? 

 

Situated within the arm of Sagittarius, within the Homunculus is a smaller Little Homunculus, and within that a shell of shocked material from stellar winds that has been called Baby Homunculus.

The Homunculus was ejected in an enormous outburst from Eta Carinae. Light from this event reached Earth in 1841, creating a brightening event in the night sky which was visible from the Earth’s surface at the time. During the event (as seen from Earth) Eta Carinae briefly became the second-brightest star in the sky, after Sirius.

 

Twiggie

Plato’s Theory of Forms 

Plato’s Theory of Forms.
  
Plato’s Theory of Forms or Theory of Ideas, holds that forms (the abstract quality or property of something) exist independent of Space and Time. It asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most fundamental kind of Reality.

Forms are:

Transcendent – the forms are not located in Space and Time. For example, there is no particular place or time at which redness exists.

Pure – the forms only exemplify one property. Material objects are impure; they combine a number of properties such as blackness, circularity, and hardness into one object. A form, such as circularity, only exemplifies one property.

Archetypes – the forms are archetypes; that is, they are perfect examples of the property that they exemplify. The forms are the perfect models upon which all material objects are based. The form of redness, for example, is red, and all red objects are simply imperfect, impure copies of this perfect form of redness.

Ultimately Real – the forms are the ultimately real entities, not material objects. All material objects are copies or images of some collection of forms; their Reality comes only from the forms.

Causes – the forms are the causes of all things. They provide the explanation of why any thing is the way it is, and they are the source or origin of the being of all things.

Systematically Interconnected – the forms comprise a system leading down from the form of the good moving from more general to more particular, from more objective to more subjective. This systematic structure is reflected in the structure of the dialectic process by which we come to knowledge of the forms.
Twiggie 2016 

Jakob Böhme – The Threefold Life of Man, 1620.

  
 Jakob Böhme – The Threefold Life of Man, 1620.

“The Human Spirit in its Threefold Form has all the Three Principles in it, viz. the Kingdom of God, the Kingdom of Hell, and the Kingdom of this World; and it speaks forth from itself, from the source, and form, of every being, whether it be Heavenly, Earthly, or Hellish, as it has been spoken forth by the Spirit of
 God from Eternity, in the Invisible Substance of the Eternal Nature, as a figure or Spirit of the Word of God; and was without Substance, till the Alpha and Omega, and in the Alpha and Omega, in the beginning and end: so also the Spirit of man speaks it forth in Beginning and End without Substance, for the
Substance was once created in the Creature. Thus you see how we stand in a Threefold Life: the Soul stands upon the Abyss, between two Principles, and is tied to them both; and the body merely in the Spirit of this world; and therefore that seeks only after eating and drinking, power and honour, for it belongs to the Earth, and cares little for the poor Soul which comes out of the Eternity, and belongs to the Eternity. 

God says: “I am Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End.” This word makes a Beginning, and God in the Number Three is the Beginning, and it also makes an End, and that is the Eternity, and also God: For before the time of this world there was nothing but God, from Eternity; and after this world, there will be nothing but God, in Eternity: but the cause why we comprehend not this, is because there is no Comprehensibility in God. For where there is a Comprehensibility (as there is in the Trinity) there is Beginning and End. And therefore we are shut up in Darkness, that we might labour and manifest God; just as concerning the seven forms of Nature, what an Eternal labour there
is therein, so that one form generates another, till they are all brought to
Light, and so the Eternal is Manifest in a Threefold Form, which otherwise
would not be known.”

Follow the light of your own truth. 

  
No matter what you’re experiencing right now, it’s okay to have hope. In fact, your soul is probably begging for it. Hope is expansive and allows us to receive our prayers. Sometimes, we have to become the person for whom our prayers can be answered in order to have them answered at all. The truth is, when we tighten up, contract and loose hope, we disconnect ourselves from ourselves and in doing so, we disconnect from source energy. We jump into our minds and out of our being; therefore, we can’t even SEE the answer, the subtle cues or the lit up path because we’re disengaged from our internal guidance system. Albert Einstein said, “We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them”. So, if we want to change our reality, we have to change our thinking, we have to change our consciousness and we have to be willing and vulnerable enough to relax into hope; even if it’s little at a time. In this way, hope becomes a conscious prayer that expands us into receiving mode. By allowing hope, we literally change the dial of our own frequency and create a new rhythm, the rhythm that the Universe feels, responds to, and reflects back into our experience. 
Miss Metamorphisis 

Culture 

  
Culture is simply clothing upon the human organism.
The EXHILARATION of opening into the freedom of your own unique flow is second to none..
May we pilgrimage upon the path less traveled with peace, passion and pride♥

Me 

  

 
Woman is not to be adored for her beauty alone, for her feminine charms. She is to be revered in all forms, from the most sublimely beautiful to the frightening, from the young girl child to the old crone, from the bloodthirsty to the motherly, from the gentle to the fierce. 

I am. 

I am. 

I am that. I am that I am.

I am the live Essence. I am the Galactivator. 

I am the human Context. I am the third eye of One. 

I am the dawn of a new Era. I am the center of all Sources. 

I am the intimacies of Eternity. I am the distinguisher of Realms. 

I am the Light of all Luminosities. I am the the wanderer of the Path.

I am the emittance of Consciousness. I am the anima mundi of natural Worlds. 

I am the consistent form of a Nebula. I am the spattered truth of Earth. 

I am the ruling factor of Equation. I am the synchronization of Souls. 

I am the everlasting Exoticism. I am the range of Capacities. 

I am the softness of Clouds. I am the twinkle in the Eye. 

I am the all Encompassing. I am the truth of Future. 

I am the broken Lock. I am the Kymatica.

           I am that I am. I am that. I am. 

For she has returned,
and her voice roaring as a thousand mighty lions,
echoing for races and generations to come.
 No longer shall her womb be kept in chains,
for her children of earth,
stand in an unbreakable circle
with one voice, one heartbeat and one soul united,
through the darkest of hours,
over the threshold, into a new dawn.

Twiggie, 2015?

History and meaning of Slavic Swastika,Kolovrat’

The earliest swastika ever found was uncovered in Mezine, Ukraine, carved on an ivory figurine, which dates an incredible 12,000 years, and one of the earliest cultures that are known to have used the Swastika was a Neolithic culture in Southern Europe, in the area that is now Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, known as the Vinca Culture, which dates back around 8,000 years.
Indo European nations in this case the Slavs and Vedic culture of Indo-Aryans attached great importance to the cross-like objects in history. The Swastika, known in Slavic world as Kolovrat was a sacred symbol that carried a huge significance in Early Slavic culture.
Swastika or Kolovrat symbolised infinite values in our culture for example from mythological aspect the spinning wheel symbolised the infinity and repeating the cycle (the fight between Slavic Gods Perun and Veles) in fight between Good and Evil.

Kolovrat and Swastika also beside the never ending cycle symbolised the … Sun, that grants us life and warmth. Just as among other Indo-European cultures as Germanic, Latin, Celtic, Vedic (Indian) and early, pre-arabic Iran, among Slavs some of the oldest examples of Slavic Kolovrat Swastikas have been found in Ukraine.

There are also early Indo-European Slavs with these symbols found in Tarim Basin in China – mummies of proto-Slav. 

  

  
The Tarim mummies are a series of mummies discovered in the Tarim Basin in present-day Xinjiang, China, which date from 1900 BCE to 200 CE. Some of the mummies are frequently associated with the presence of the Indo-European Tocharian languages in the Tarim Basin, although the evidence is not totally conclusive. Research into the subject has attracted controversy, due to ethnic tensions in modern day Xinjiang. 

There have been concerns whether DNA results could affect claims by Uyghur peoples of being indigenous to the region. In comparing the DNA of the mummies to that of modern day Uyghur peoples, Victor H. Mair’s team found some genetic similarities with the mummies, but no direct links, stating that “modern DNA and ancient DNA show that Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, the peoples of Central Asia are all mixed Caucasian and East Asian… the modern and ancient DNA tell the same story.”

He concludes that the mummies are Caucasoid, likely speakers of an Indo-European language; that East Asian peoples “began showing up in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin about 3,000 years ago… while the Uighur peoples arrived after the collapse of the Orkon Uighur Kingdom, largely based in modern day Mongolia, around the year 842.

  
  Images of this cross-like symbol among Slavs and other Indo-European Aryan groups vary a lot, and there has been historically found over 144 variations of this symbol.

In other words the Swastika and Kolovrat constantly evolved during their history, each Indo-European group developed their own types over time. Unlike the Christian Cross with it’s fixed design, the Swastika and Kolvorat evolved and today this is the reason so many archaeological excavations find different varieties of this once magical symbols, in other words like life, sun or spinning wheel Kolovrat is in constant cycle and it changes.

  
Symbol of Swastika and Kolovrat have been used in early Indo-European astronomy, the interaction of the Spirit and Matter, Life and Death, Darkness or Light and even Truth or Lies.

The so called moving cross of Indo-European populations today is displayed in rich variety of graphic forms and coloration’s. In Slavic mythology the Swastika or Kolovrat was also called the “little sun” and in the early phases of Slavic Pagans it was the symbol of the Sun God = ,Svarog’ (in Polish also ,Swarożyc’).

Wooden Slavic monuments called “Idols” were usually depictions of Slavic gods and on most of these Idols Slavs used to engrave them with Swastika.

  
Also during burials the Symbol of Swastika or Kolovrat was also engraved on wooden Idols above graves of deceased ones as a symbol of eternity and constant cycle between Life and Death.

Swastika or Kolovrat as a symbol was first published in the book “Prasłowiańskie motywy architektoniczne” (In english: “Early Slavic Architectural Motifs”) back in 1923 by a Polish painter Stanisław Jakubowski after his inspection of the early Slavic symbolism found from various historical sources.

  
Embroidery among Slavs is one of the oldest crafts and in history Kolovrat was one of the most common symbols. Today there Kolvorat as a symbol is gaining large popularity among neo-pagan Slavic groups holding Kolovrat as the symbol of their identity. Many neo-Nazi groups also use these symbols which makes Kolovrat symbol usage dubious and matter of on going discussion so many country ban usage of Nazi Germany Swastika and punish the usage of the same by law, however Swastika symbol (such as Kolovrat) and similar version are allowed as religious and historical symbol for usage to anyone. The swastika as a religious and cultural symbol is not the property of the Germans only, but it is widely known and respected symbol in the whole Europe and Asia. Confusing this fact with the period of World War II is a mistake, just as Hitler mistaken many things about Slavs.
TwiggieTruth