Questions posed during a February Hangout hosted by Fact or Fiction with Tiffany, MindofanEmpath regarding Solar Minimum and Climate Change.  

Solar Minimum with Tiff hosted by Fact or Fiction

These are the questions posed throughout the hangout and sources used.

1.  Can you explain in layman’s terms what is a solar cycle?

https://www.google.com/amp/amp.livescience.com/33345-solar-cycle-sun-activity.html?client=ms-android-sprint-us

2.  Can you please explain TSI and how this has been recorded in the past and now?  

https://glory.gsfc.nasa.gov/overview-tsi.html

http://www.geochembio.com/ecology/climate-components/solar-irradiation.html

http://www.geochembio.com/ecology/climate-components/solar-irradiation.html

3. Which cycle are we in now? When did it start and what is the criteria for changing into the next solar cycle?

http://www.climatedepot.com/2016/06/25/the-sun-goes-blank-again-during-the-weakest-solar-cycle-in-more-than-a-century/

4.  Are we in Solar Maximum or Minimum and what is the different?

5.  When we look at the distance past, to calculate data, we know through the historical accounts that during the early medieval and u to the 19th century that we were in a little mini ice age. French Revolution, the decline of the Vikings, The Renaissance, The Black Death and the fall of the Spanish Empire were all products of the little ice age, which was a 500 year period of history in which the climate cooled treat. Obviously, this effected agriculture and the order of society around the globe. The cold changed the crops in Europe (Now we have GEO’s). Folks then could no longer grow grapes in Germany and England like they did before. The potato became popular in Europe because it grew underground and could handle the cold berr. As agriculture suffered, traders and merchants sought goreign land, which launched the age of discovery. To sum it up, the popularity of beer and potatoes are a result in this change. As is the Protestant Reformation and the age of exploration and Renaissance. Our lives today are greatly affected because of e little ice age on the people at the time. Taking into account the recent recorded historical accounts, and what is banded about today as to regards ‘global warming’ / climate change – will see the true effects of a solar minimum likened with that of the mini ice age.

If so why, if not why?

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/solarmin-max.html
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.theweathernetwork.com/amp/news/no-mini-ice-age-from-new-grand-solar-minimum/54340?client=ms-android-

8. What are contributing factors?
9. Is climate change the same as global warming?

 

10. Why is climate change happening?

 

11. What is the greenhouse effect and how does it affect the climate?

http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science_and_impacts/impacts/global-warming-rain-snow-tornadoes.html#.WJ8lWhlOnqA

12. Does the ozone hole have anything to do with climate change?

https://www2.ucar.edu/global-warming-climate-change/faq/what-does-ozone-hole-have-do-climate-change

13. Has the earth’s climate changed before and what’s different about climate change today?

https://skepticalscience.com/climate-change-little-ice-age-medieval-warm-period.htm

14. Why is it a problem if the earth’s average temperature gets a little warmer?

https://www.google.com/amp/amp.livescience.com/10325-living-warmer-2-degrees-change-earth.html?client=ms-android-sprint-us

15. How can the earth be getting warmer if it’s colder than usual where I live?

https://www.google.com/amp/s/mercury.postlight.com/amp%3Furl%3Dhttps://www.newsdeeply.com/arctic/articles/2017/01/03/the-polar-vortex-is-back-and-a-warmer-arctic-may-be-to-blame?client=ms-android-sprint-us

16. What are the most visible signs of climate change?
http://climate.nasa.gov/effects/

17. Can climate harm plants and animals?http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2015/02/03/climate-change-poses-challenges-to-plants-and-animals/

Graphs
Presentation played within hangout

Between the early 14th and late 19th centuries, a period of cooling known as the Little Ice Age chilled the planet. Europe bore the brunt of its ill effects, experiencing harsh and fickle weather for several centuries and especially from 1560 to 1660. Scientists continue to debate the cause and timeline of the cold spell, which has been blamed for catastrophes ranging from droughts and famines to wars and epidemics. According to the latest study, described by an international team in this week’s Geophysical Research Letters, volcanic eruptions just before the year 1300 triggered the expansion of Arctic sea ice, setting off a chain reaction that lowered temperatures worldwide. Two periods of unusually low sunspot activity are known to have occurred within the Little Ice Age period: the Spörer Minimum (1450–1540) and the Maunder Minimum (1645–1715). Both solar minimums coincided with the coldest years of the Little Ice Age in parts of Europe.  

This video showcases beautiful pieces of art which were commissioned during that period which contribute towards the historical record

For daily updates on Spaceweather and information on the sun.
Climate Change and Solar Cycles Blog by Mindofanempath. Fabulously written with tons of resourceshttps://mindofanempath.wordpress.com/…
Twiggie, 2017
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