Lucas Brandis de Schass
From: Rudimentum Novitiorium sive Chronicarum Historium Epitome
Lubeck, 1475 woodcut with type lettering
The Ridimentum Novitiorium was a ‘History of the World’ in chronicle form, designed as an educational tool. It contained two maps, which are the two earliest printed maps that are anything more than schematic diagrams, this map of the world, and the map of Palestine.
The world map falls at the tail end of the Christian medieval tradition of circular mappaemundi, with Jerusalem placed at the center of the map and east at the top of the page. Within the map the individual countries are depicted in a stylised form, as hills, With the Pope prominent in Rome and the Roman Elmpire in Constantinople.
Working within the confines of this format, the designer of the map, possibly Lucas Brandis de Schass, has struggled to include the countries in their correct geographical relation, with the British Isles placed next to Dacia. (modern Romania) and Livonia bordering Spain.
The country Vinla[n]d is marked on the lower left border, and thus apparently on the outer reaches of Europe, leading some to speculate this refers to knowledge of Viking voyages to Greenland and beyond, in the view of random placing of countries on the map, it is judged more likely to depict Finland.
The second map depicts Palestine , whilst the above map is stylised in traditional medieval, this map of Palestine is regarded as ‘ the earliest modern printed map, since it is the first break away from then tenets of medieval school men’
Palestine is depicted in a heavy stylised pictorial form, almost in a form as a birds eye view taken from an imaginary vantage point over the Mediterranean looking towards the east its Jersusalem prominent in the Center of the map.
Th map is derived from an original survey carried out by the traveller Burchard of Mont Sion, a resident in Palestine for ten years during the thirteenth century, who wrote about his experiences there.